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Cuban architecture




Few landscapes in Cuba are naturally as beautiful as Viñales. It is famous due to its “mogotes”, large limestone formations which date back to the Jurassic period. Two of the six World Biosphere Reserves in Cuba are located in this land of natural blessings. One is in the Sierra del Rosario and the other is in the Sierra de Guanahacabibes. The region is rich in unique features such as Valley Mountains, ancient haystack mountains, archaeological enclaves of undeniable archaeological interest and carsic plains.

Deep in the valley bottom you find cultivated lands-mainly tobacco, taro and bananas-and scattered peasant houses, all forming a rural landscape of great beauty.This village town is surprisingly spruce, with a fetching arcaded main street and lovely rustic scenes down the back lanes.

The surrounding sierras abound in caves, making it an area of speleological interest. Some caverns, such as the Cueva del Indio, rediscovered in 1920, have close to four kilometres of underground streams which can be explored in a small dinghy so long as you don’t mind listening to all the scary tales the peasant guides love to recount.
As the streams slowly work through the limestone and mix with the mojote clay falling from above, they become solutions of minerals and coppery earth, both of which are then deposited on the roofs and walls of the caves, turning the surfaces ochre milky green, rendering the scenery all the more mysterious.

The flora is an important element in Viñales. Cuban endemic plants are found there and also many endemic animal species, especially birds like hummingbirds.

Places to go:

  • Los Jazmines Look Out
  • Veguero House
  • Prehistory Mural
  • Indian Cave
  • Viñales Village
  • Palenque de los Cimarrones Cave & Restaurant

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