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Cuban architecture


Guanahacabibes Guanahacabibes Guanahacabibes Península is the westernmost point on the island of Cuba. It is located in Pinar del Río Province, in the municipality of Sandino and is sparsely populated. The waters surrounding the península are important spiny lobster and red snapper fishing grounds. It also boasts the category of Biosphere Reserve, listed by UNESCO in 1987. Its western extremity, Cape San Antonio (Spanish: Cabo San Antonio), is the western most point of Cuba.

The Guanahacabibes National Park on the península is one of the country’s largest natural reserves and is separated from the rest of the island by white-sand plains where one of Cuba’s largest lakeside areas lies. A relatively small area holds some 100 lakes, as well as the largest and purest fields of silica sand, which is 99.8% pure. Nature tourism is a major attraction in the 398.26 km2 .National Park. The area is inhabited by 172 species of birds belonging to 42 families, 11 of which are endemic and 84 are migratory. Experts also believe that 4 of the 7 species of marine turtles living on the planet have survived in the Guanahacabibes Península. Guanahacabibes also supports 35 species of reptiles, and is an important habitat for iguanas, “majaes” (constrictor-snakes) and other reptiles. The coastline also contains preserved coral reefs, with the northern coast being lined by the cays and isles of the western Colorados Archipelago.

The península was one of the last refuges of aboriginals fleeing from the Spanish conquistadors and also holds some 140 archeological sites linked to the life of aborigines, who were known as Guanahatabeyes.

María La Gorda is placed in Guanahacabibes Península. It is an international scuba-diving center has around 40 diving sites, which include a large colony of black coral.

Places to go:

• María la Gorda Diving Center

• La Fe Fishing Village

• Laguna Grande (Lake)

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