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Cuban architecture

Holguín City

Holguín Since 1976 Holguín City is capital of the province. This city was founded in 1525 by captain García Holguín when he received a part of land in this zone and built the first houses. More than two centuries later, the 18th January, 1752, was declared municipality and began the development as small city until this became an important city.

The area is located 760km southeast of Havana and it is also known as “the city of parks”. There are many places that have a great historical, cultural, anthropologic, tourist and landscape interest in the region. All of them gave such an impression in Christopher Columbus that at his arrival to Cuban shores he said “…this is the most beautiful land human eyes have ever seen”.

Loma de la Cruz (Cross Ridge) is the most famous place in this city. It´s located in the western site of the city and before was called Cerro del Bramadero. In 1790 people put there a cross to offer cult to the 3rd of May (Cross Day). This festivity is simultaneously saint and desecrated. This activity begin with a pilgrimage until this place and celebrate a mass. After that, there is a party, a happy country fest (romería) with music and dances. The access stair, with 450 steps, was inaugurated on 3rd May 1950. From the circular square located in the top of the hillock, is possible to see a nice view of all the city. For this reason this place was turned into a view point (the Spaniards built in this place a watch tower).

Places to go:

  • Loma de la Cruz
  • Mayabe Lookout
  • Calixto García Park
  • San Isidoro de Holguín Cathedral
  • San José Church
  • Holguín Provincial Museum
  • Plaza de la Maqueta (Square)
  • Natural History Museum de la Torre y Huerta
  • Calixto Gracía Birth House

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