Holguín is the third largest city in Cuba after Havana and Santiago de Cuba. It is located in the north-east of the island. Its main cities are Holguin (the capital), Banes, Antilla, Mayarí, and Moa. The province has a population of just over one million people. Its territory covers over 9,300 km2 of which 25 percent is covered by forest.
The mountains of the region are home to deposits of nickel and cobalt which have been, and still are being, extensively mined. These industries play an important role in the productivity and wealth of the area, the main nickel mines and processing plants are situated around the town of Moa on the north coast, east of the city of Holguín.
The north coast has been a substantial amount of development over the last 10 to 15 years and the beaches of Playa Guardalavaca are now firmly established with foreign tour operators. To the west of Holguín is a vantage point, Loma de la Cruz, which offers wonderful views over the city and across the province and a wide variety of ecotourism excursions. Also you could visit “Los Pinares de Mayarí”with a great diversity of vegetation and an ample number of endemic sorts of flora and fauna.
Holguín is always all year round surrounded of cultural events like the “Fiesta de la Cultura Iberoamericana” or the “Jornadas Cucalambeana”. Its gastronomy is simple, standing out the dishes sold off with Catalan sausage and chili sauce, as well as beer Mayabe, of local manufacturing.
Holguín has 41 beaches .Among them those of Guardalavaca, Esmeralda, and Playa Pesquero are specially prodigal in interesting underwater scenes and generate growing attraction among visitors. One of the biggest bays in the world and the biggest in Cuba, Bahia de Nipe is among the 22 bays that exist in the province, which is also rich in other natural attributes, like forest and hills, the latter marked by their steep and abrupt tops.
Places to go:
- LOMA DE LA CRUZ: A symbolic geographic accident that marks the North. It can be climbed by means of its long 458-step staircase. From the top, the visitor can enjoy a privileged, all-around view of the city.
- CATEDRAL DE SAN ISIDORO: It was the place where the city’s founding mass was officiated, in 1720.
- LA PESQUERA: A National Monument and present headquarters of the Provincial History Museum. It is located across from Calixto Garcia Park, the city’s busiest.
- MUSEUM OF NATURAL HISTORY CARLOS DE LA TORRE: It stands among the most important of its Kind in Cuba .It includes a garden, and is specially valuable for its malacology and ornithology collections.
- CHORRO DE MAÍTA: An archaeological site of great importance at which, since 1990, there is a peculiar museum, the only one of its Kind in the Caribbean: it exhibits the remains of 108 people, just as they were found during excavation.
- ALDEA TAINA: This Taino Indian village re-creation portrays the way of life and general atmosphere that existed in this eastern Cuba region in early 16 th century.
- PARQUE NATURAL BAHIA DE NARANJO: This is a natural park located inside the bay of Naranjo and features among its attractions an aquarium, the possibility of swimming with the dolphins, and visiting Birancito, a replica of the Fidel Castro ,s native house. Across a 30 meter long bridge is Cayo Jutia, ideal for a stroll in a beautiful natural surround.
- PARQUE MONUMENTO NACIONAL BARJAY: A monumental complex incluyes an Indian Village Museum, a historical restaurant.
- SAETÍA CAY: Small virginal beaches exist. There a harmless fauna animal lives in freedom, ideal for the photo- hunting and diving.
- PARQUE NACIONAL LA MENSURA: A part of the mountain system, an ideal scenario to enjoy nature tourism and tourism of adventures.
- BANES: It is considered the archaeological capital of Cuba. The Baní Indo-Cuban museum.
- GIBARA: Also known as Villa Blanca, it features the most important colonial architectural group in the province together with ruins of great patrimonial value.